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Smoke Patterns

August 27, 2010 by and tagged , ,

One of the tricks of teaching introduction to sociology is to get students to give up the idea that “everybody’s different” (they’re not) and everybody behaves based on psychological and individual motivations, or rather that these psychological and individual motivations are socially-based… hence the usefulness of Durkheim’s social facts in our conceptual toolkit.

If my classroom Internet connection had worked in class today, I would have used this example:

Smoking Map

Then comes the detective work. How can we explain the patterns, areas of concentration (the big dark green areas)? The article notes a number of factors:

Education: the more educated the population of a state, the lower the smoking rate;

Taxation: the higher the taxes on cigarettes, the lower the smoking rate. But beware of correlation is not causation: it may not be that high cigarette taxes make people smoke less, but rather that people in states with low smoking rates are more tolerant of high cigarette tax rates because it does not affect them.

Also, states that rank well in the American Lung Association “Smokefree Air Challenge” have lower smoking rates, again, the causation can go either way.

Specific social factors: is anyone surprised that Utah ranks number one?

One would have to consider also the power of the tobacco industry in the US and the economics of tobacco growing and cigarette selling. Also, while smoking has declined considerably since the 1970s (a combination of health factors and culture and social redefinition of smoking as symbol and status marker), the overall rate seems to have plateaued.

Posted in Health, Sociology, Teaching Sociology | 2 Comments »



2 Responses to “Smoke Patterns”

  1.   Bridget Says:

    This is great. I’m adding it to my sociological imagination discussion. I also use obesity rates and show trend maps from 1999 – 2008. I then have maps that break obesity down by race.

    http://www.takeitoffweightloss.com/pdf/obesity_trends_2008.pdf

    First you ask them why people are overweight (all give individual reasons). Then show trends and have them hypothesize about structural reasons. The race discussion is really strong for this.

    I know other people use suicide rates for this type of discussion too.

    Reply

    •   SocProf Says:

      Suicide is kind of a given since it allows to bring in The Master, Durkheim.

      Obesity seems like a great topic too. Thanks for the link. Those maps are scary.

      Reply

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