How can a town or a city make sure that the sight of homeless people does not offend the good, hard-working citizens? Especially in these bad economic times when there might be more of them hanging around the cities of France? Easy, make it impossible for them to sit down where they normally would, but not obviously, of course. This mode of exclusion has to be stealth and not esthetically unpleasant.
That is what this series of photos over at Rue 89 shows. For instance, these discreet little spikes:
Or even these small pyramids:
Or the falling dominoes:
When it comes to making it uncomfortable for homeless people to sit down and take the load off, cities can be very creative. Do check out the entire series of photos:
These devices clearly delimit who is a legitimate participant in the public space and therefore who is a legitimate urban denizen.